In the Name of Allāh,
the Entirely Merciful, the Especially Merciful
Praise is due to Allāh, Lord of the worlds, may the blessings and peace be upon our master Muḥammad, the last of prophets, on his family, and all his companions.
Resolution No. 4 (4/2) Qadiyanism
The Council of the International Islamic Fiqh Academy of the Organization of the Islamic Conference, holding its 2nd session in Jeddah, Saudi Arabia on 10–16 Rabīʿ al-Awwal 1406H (22–28 December 1985),
Having considered the fatwā inquiry submitted by the Islamic Fiqh Council of Cape Town, South Africa, requesting the Shariah ruling concern- ing Qadiyanism and the group originating from it, called the Lahorites, as to whether to consider them as Muslims or not and whether a non-Muslim can adjudicate on a controversy of this nature,
In light of the research papers and documents presented to the members of the Academy regarding Mirza Ghulam Ahmad al-Qadiyani, who appeared in India in the last century and to whom the Qadiyani and Lahorite sects are attributed,
Having examined the facts presented concerning these two sects that verified Mirza Ghulam Ahmad’s claim to be a prophet sent and revealed upon,
Having confirmed the claims established about him through his writings, some of which he claims to be revelations sent to him, and that he continued to proclaim such a status all his life, calling people through his books and speeches to believe in his prophethood, and being a messenger and disbelieving in many of the obvious teachings of Islam such as Jihād,
Having recalled the resolution issued by the Islamic Fiqh Council of the Muslim World League in Makkah on this very issue,
- The declaration by Mirza Ghulam Ahmad concerning his prophethood and his claim of receiving a Divine Revelation is an open rejection of the obviously and categorically established religious doctrine concerning the ending of the prophethood with Prophet Muhammad SAW and that there is no revelation after him. Therefore, the said declaration from Mirza Ghulam Ahmad makes him, along with all those who accept it, apostates (murtad), who have apostatized from Islam. As far as the Lahorites are concerned, they too, like the Qadiyanis are apostates (murtad) despite
their description of Mirza Ghulam Ahmed as the shadow and incarnation of our Prophet Muhammad SAW.
- A non-Islamic court and a non-Muslim judge are not entitled to issue a judgment about someone’s being Muslim or apostate, particularly when they defy the consensus of Ummah represented by its councils and schol- This is so because a judgment concerning Islam and apostasy is not recognizable except when it is issued by a Muslim who knows all the pre- requisites for entering Islam or parting from it as an apostate and who has the grasp of the essence of Islam and disbelief and knows in depth what has been established by the Quran, Sunnah, and Ijmāʿ (legal consensus). Therefore, the decision of such a court is void.
Indeed, Allāh is All-Knowing.