Life-Support Equipment

In the Name of Allāh,

the Entirely Merciful, the Especially Merciful

Praise is due to Allāh, Lord of the worlds, may the blessings and peace be upon our master Muḥammad, the last of prophets, on his family, and all his companions.

Resolution No. 17 (5/3) Life-Support Equipment

The Council of the International Islamic Fiqh Academy of the Organization of the Islamic Conference, holding its 3rd session in Amman, Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan, on 8–13 Ṣafar 1407h (11–16 October 1986),

Having reviewed all aspects raised concerning Life-Support Equipment, Having listened to the in-depth explanations of medical specialists,


According to Shariah, a person is considered deceased, and all Shariah rulings pertaining to death become effective if he or she shows one of the following two signs:

  1. Complete cardio-respiratory arrest and confirmation by physicians that such an arrest is irreversible.
  2. Cessation of all brain activity and confirmation by physicians that such cessation is irreversible and that the brain has entered a state of

In these circumstances, the person may be weaned from the life-support equipment, even though some of the organs in his or her body, such as the heart, continue to function artificially through the life-support equipment.

Indeed, Allāh is All-Knowing.

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