Tolerance in Islam: Social, International Necessity and Effects
20 November، 2019

In the Name of Allāh,

the Entirely Merciful, the Especially Merciful

Praise is due to Allāh, Lord of the worlds, may the blessings and peace be upon our master Muḥammad, the last of prophets, on his family, and all his companions.

Resolution No. 233 (4/24)

Tolerance in Islam: Social, International Necessity and Effects

The Council of the International Islamic Fiqh Academy of the Organization of Islamic Cooperation, holding its 24th session in Dubai, United Arab Emirates, on 7–9 Rabīʿ al-Awwal 1440h (4–6 November 2019),

Having examined the research papers submitted to the Academy concerning

Tolerance in Islam: Social, International Necessity and Effects, Having listened to the in-depth discussions on the subject,


First: confirming the resolutions, recommendations, statements and press releases of the Academy Council calling for peaceful coexistence.

Second: tolerance is a fundamental principle, with many references in the Holy Quran and the Noble Sunnah. It had many applications throughout the life of Prophet Muhammad SAW, in the actions of the Companions RA and Islamic history.

The Charter of Medina is one of the most notable examples of tolerance towards non-Muslims in the time of Prophet Muhammad SAW.

Third: tolerance is enjoined among Muslims as well as between Muslims and non-Muslims.

Fourth: there is an urgent need to behave on the principle of tolerance in both words and actions, and all areas. Tolerance is one of the most important consequences of peaceful coexistence and social cohesion. It is essential to main- tain social relations and unity with all its components, as well as to preserve national unity.

Fifth: the Council of the Academy commends the following:

  1. International initiatives, declarations, and efforts by world
  2. The United Arab Emirates’ various activities to achieve tolerance and co- existence between peoples reflect an excellent image of Islam’s tolerance and coexistence.


  • Include the values of tolerance in educational programs and
  • Include the values of tolerance in all areas of religious
  • Highlight the values of tolerance in the media and various social
  • Urge experts and intellectuals to give prominence to writing, translating, and propagating the values of tolerance via the media.
  • Invite the United Nations and its Member states to enact laws and sign international treaties that criminalize xenophobia, exclusion, fanaticism, and racial discrimination, and to reinforce these within constitutions of its Member states.

Indeed, Allāh is All-Knowing.

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